Tuesday December 6th, 2016 Kamerin

Sentence Structure Part 2

Kamerin

Kamerin

EFL Teacher at English One
American, honorary South African 😉 Passionate about people, cultures and English.
Kamerin

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The Big 5: Expanding the Basic Sentence Structure

In the BIG 5 Part 1, we learned how to construct the 5 basic sentence structures.  In this post, we will learn how to expand those basic structures by adding other parts of speech (nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs).  This helps to add certain details or information to our sentences.

1: SubjectVerb

  • We eat.
    This is the basic subject-verb pattern.
  • We quickly eat.
    An adverb is added (quickly) to tell how we eat.
  • We quickly eat vegetables.
    An object is added (vegetables) to tell what we eat.
  • We quickly eat vegetables at home.
    Another adverb is added (at home) to tell where we eat.
  • We quickly eat fresh vegetables at home.
    An adjective is added (fresh) to tell what kind of vegetables we eat.

2: SubjectVerbObject

  • The children kick the ball.
    This is a basic subject-verb-object pattern.
  • The children kick the blue ball.
    An adjective is added (blue) to describe the color of the ball.
  • The children kick the blue ball hard.
    An adverb is added (hard) to tell how the children kick the ball.
  • The children kick the blue ball every day.
    Another adverb is added (every day) to tell when the children kick the ball.

3: SubjectVerbAdjective

  • She looks pretty.
    This is the basic subject-verb-adjective pattern.
  • She looks pretty tonight.
    An adverb is added (tonight) to tell when she looks pretty.
  • She looks pretty tonight in her new dress.
    An adjective is added to describe her dress.

4: SubjectVerbAdverb

  • Strawberries are everywhere.
    This is the basic subject-verb-adverb pattern.
  • Red strawberries are everywhere.
    An adjective is added (red) to describe the strawberries.
  • Ripe, red strawberries are everywhere.
    A series of adjectives are added (ripe and red) to describe the strawberries.

5: SubjectVerbNoun

  • She is a teacher.
    This is the basic subject-verb-noun sentence pattern.
  • Maria issmart teacher.
    An adjective is added (smart) to describe what kind of teacher Maria is.
  • Maria is a smart teacher at school.
    An adverb is added (at school) to tell where Maria teaches.

TRY THIS:

 Would you like to practice your parts of speech?  Try this fun sorting game from www.brainpop.com.


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About the Author

Kamerin

American, honorary South African ;) Passionate about people, cultures and English.